The battle for the soul of exchange-based equity trading?
The recent statements by Nasdaq regarding the possible use of a trading delay by the proposed IEX Exchange puts the spotlight on a battle for supremacy not just between rival exchanges, but very different philosophies regarding what the ultimate role of exchanges in the global capital markets should be. The established exchanges, willingly or unwillingly, represent the status quo in terms of how exchanges should function. IEX on the other hand hopes to represent the interests of those trading participants who believe that they have been left behind in the race for speed in today's capital markets, especially the retail participants and the smaller buyside. It seems like an inevitable outcome in the aftermath of the global financial crisis, which has stoked the debate on economic inequality and the unfair advantage that a select group of trading participants have over others due to their advanced technological capabilities and use of highly sophisticated financial products.
Getting back to the objections raised by Nasdaq over the SEC proposal that any delay of less than a millisecond could qualify as immediate, which would enable IEX to operate in the way it wants, there is certainly some substance in Nasdaq's argument. The SEC would have to come up with a solution that is acceptable to both sides, and does not leave it vulnerable to legal challenges. It is going to be an interesting couple of months for industry obervers as they follow the debate over the fairness and validity of the SEC proposal, and the decision on the IEX application.